According to SourceWatch, on February 5th 2010 – “A ship, the Vogetrader, grounded on a coral reef Barbers Point Harbor, Hawaii. In 2014 it was announced that the shipowner, Denak Ship Management and Vogetrader Shipping Inc., would pay $840,000 to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for the damage to the reef.”
Coal eh? If we’d taken the 1980s warnings of the climate scientists seriously, would we still have been shipping it hither and thither in 2010? No. But we are, so that’s an interesting puzzle – “why” are we, and what, specifically, did some actors do in the intervening 25 plus years to keep coal reductions/elimination off the policy agenda?